Git commit

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Use git commit to commit files from the staging area to the local repository.

Skip staging with git commit -a

I have the impression that with git commit -a, you can skip staging. Let's verify:

I've made a change to local file Let's verify:

$ git status

On branch main
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/main'.

Changes to be committed:
  (use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage)
	modified:   read-out-r-figures-dvb8.sql

Changes not staged for commit:
  (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed)
  (use "git restore <file>..." to discard changes in working directory)

Note that this file is present both as unstaged and staged - Maybe this is how you can use staging to partially commit/push a file.

Time to commit + ask again for status:

$ git commit -a

[main ace3f67] work in progress load_site_array & 2 r-related files
 3 files changed, 169 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

$ git status

On branch main
Your branch is ahead of 'origin/main' by 1 commit.
  (use "git push" to publish your local commits)

nothing to commit, working tree clean
  • git commit -a opened nano (text editor) for a comment that applies to all files at once (I guess a command goes with a commit, not with a file)
  • The unstaged file is now part of the commit
  • When the unstaged file was different from the staged file with the same name, I guess an error would occur (I don't feel like figuring that out right now).

See also